Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Journal of Controversies in Biomedical Research (JCBMR) provides a platform for the publication of negative, null, and contradictory research findings and views in an unbiased, nonjudgmental, yet scientifically plausible manner. The scope of JCBMR is that it will play a crucial role in promoting research transparency and integrity.

Section Policies

Editorial

  • Unchecked Open Submissions
  • Checked Indexed
  • Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Commentary

  • Checked Open Submissions
  • Checked Indexed
  • Checked Peer Reviewed

Review Articles

  • Checked Open Submissions
  • Checked Indexed
  • Checked Peer Reviewed

Original Articles

  • Checked Open Submissions
  • Checked Indexed
  • Checked Peer Reviewed

Letter to Editor

  • Checked Open Submissions
  • Checked Indexed
  • Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

All submitted manuscripts will undergo a three-step review process: preliminary check, plagiarism check and expert peer review. 

Preliminary check: All submitted manuscripts will be reviewed by the journal’s editorial office for compliance with guidelines for preparation of articles as described under Author Guidelines. Articles that do not comply with the guidelines will be sent back to the authors. 

Plagiarism check:  Articles that are in compliance with the guidelines will be subjected to plagiarism check. We work with CrossRef to use iThenticate to detect plagiarism. iThenticate gives a 'similarity index', which is the word-by-word copying of materials from previously published literature. We use similarity index to make a decision. Even if the original source was cited, articles with more than 10% similarity index will be returned to the authors without peer review for re-writing. For articles with similarity index between 1-10%, we follow the guidelines of COPE on text recycling to make a decision. Articles that pass the plagiarism check will be reviewed by experts in the field. 

Selection of reviewers: JCBMR will find appropriate experts to review the manuscripts. Authors are required to suggest three potential reviewers, however. there is no guarantee that these reviewers will be invited to review. Potential reviewers will be personally contacted by the editorial staff to seek expression of interest to review the paper. The email will contain the details of the authors and the abstract. Also the reviewers will be asked to disclose conflict of interest. If the reviewers agree to review, and if there is no potential conflict of interest, they will receive the official invitation from the journal containing the link to access the manuscript.  

Peer review and reviewer responsibilities: The reviewers will remain anonymous. Reviewers are expected to keep the manuscript confidential, provide an unbiased scientific opinion of the manuscript and declare any conflict of interest. Also reviewers are expected to submit their comments within the indicated time frame. 

Criteria for assessing original articles: 

  • Does the manuscript require language editing?
  • Does the abstract convey the major theme of the paper?
  • Does the introduction describe the rationale for the study in the context of the available literature?
  • Where relevant, have appropriate ethics approval and informed consent been obtained?
  • Are the methods adequately described?
  • Is the number of samples, number of repeats, equipment and chemicals used clearly mentioned?
  • Is the catalogue number of antibodies mentioned?
  • Are statistical methods clearly stated?
  • Is the discussion well-balanced in light of the available literature and the research findings?
  • Is conflict of interest stated?

Criteria for assessing review articles: 

  • Does the manuscript require language editing?
  • Does the abstract convey the major theme of the article?
  • Does the article comprehensively and critically evaluate an existing problem in the context of the available literature?
  • If relevant does the article suggest a possible solution to the problem?
  • Is conflict of interest stated? 

Editorial decision: Based on the comments of the reviewers, a decision will be made either to accept the manuscript without any changes, give authors an opportunity to revise and resubmit, or reject. The corresponding author will be notified of the decision. 

If the authors choose to revise and resubmit, the manuscript will be evaluated by the original reviewers or the editor-in-chief to verify if the original comments of the reviewers have been adequately addressed. If the authors have adequately addressed the original comments, the reviewers are not allowed to raise new comments. Depending upon the evaluation, the manuscript will be either accepted or returned to the authors for further clarification. If the paper is accepted, it will be published online. If rejected, it is final and no further appeal is possible.

Each published article will be assigned a doi, deposited with CrossRef and permanently archived with Portico and the National Library of Australia.

Publication Frequency

Each calendar year will have one volume. JCBMR publishes articles as soon as the final copy-edited version is approved by the authors rather than waiting for a collection of articles for a specific issue. Also each article is published in its respective category (editorial, review, original or commentary). As a result, the page numbers in the 'Table of Contents' displayed for each issue will reflect this rather than numerical order.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Publication Ethics

Following is an outline of our commitment to publication ethics and transparency in accordance with the principles of the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE), and the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA). 

Peer review process: All submitted manuscripts undergo rigorous peer review. The peer review process is detailed here. 

Governing Body/Editorial team/contact information: The editorial board members of JCBMR are experts in the field. Their full names and affiliations are given here. 

Author fees: At the moment there is no article processing fee. This is mentioned here. JCBMR will introduce author fees in the future. When introduced, it will be clearly identified here. Currently, it does not depend on author fees. 

Copyright/Licensing Policy: The authors retain the copyright of their published articles. All our publications are open access, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ This policy is displayed below each published article on our website, and also on the html and pdf of articles published from September 2015. 

Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct 

Plagiarism check:  All submitted articles undergo plagiarism check first. We work with CrossRef to use iThenticate to detect plagiarism. iThenticate gives a 'similarity index', which is the word-by-word copying of materials from previously published literature. We use similarity index to make a decision. Even if the original source was cited, articles with more than 10% similarity index will be returned to the authors without peer review for re-writing. For articles with similarity index between 1-10%, we follow the guidelines of COPE on text recycling to make a decision. 

Responsibility of Authors: As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance as included towards the end of this page. 

Responsibility of reviewers: Reviewers are expected to keep the manuscripts confidential, provide an unbiased scientific opinion of the manuscript on time and declare any conflict of interest. 

Copyright violation: Where relevant, it is the responsibility of the authors to obtain permission from copyright holders, and to ensure that the use of images, data and illustrations in the manuscript do not violate copyright laws. If a copyright violation in any of the published article is brought to our attention, we will notify the authors. It is the responsibility of the authors to settle issues with the copyright holder. As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off this statement. 

Corrections: If an error in any of the published chapter is brought to our attention, we will publish an Erratum or Corrigendum. The published manuscript will remain unaltered. 

Retraction: Proof of scientific misconduct will lead to retraction of a published article. Other issues will be dealt with on a case-by-case based on the retraction guidelines of COPE. The retracted article and the reason(s) for retraction will be clearly stated. 

Ownership and management: JCBMR is published under the banner of Codon Publications, owned by Dr. Chris Morais. The company is registered in Australia under ABN 66856928087. The administrative aspects of the journal are done in Australia. The infrastructure and technical support for online presence is provided by the Open Journal Systems (Arizona, USA). Post-acceptance processing of articles is performed by Newgen KnowledgeWorks, who has offices in Europe, India, UK and USA. Permanent preservation of published articles is done via Portico and Pandora (National Library of Australia). Services for doi and plagiarism check are provided by Crossref.

Web site: To the best of our knowledge, the site does not contain any misleading information.

Name of journal: Pubmed indexation and ISSN were used as the criteria for determining the name of the journal.  At the time of publication of the first issue in August 2015, to the best of our knowledge, there were no other journals with the similar name that met both criteria. 

Conflict of interest: It is mandatory that Editors and authors disclose conflict of interest. 

Access: Our publications are freely available online. There is no need for any kind of registration to access them. 

Revenue sources: Enough startup fund is available to run the journal smoothly without having to rely on author fees.  Some income is generated via our book publishing venture. Also, article processing fee will be introduced in the future. However, currently, JCBMR does not rely on these income streams. 

Advertising: We do not accept advertisements. 

Publishing schedule: Each calendar year will have one volume. JCBMR publishes articles as soon as the final copy-edited version is approved by the authors rather than waiting for a collection of articles. Also each article is published in its respective category (editorial, review, original or commentary). As a result, the page numbers in the 'Table of Contents' displayed for each issue will reflect this rather than numerical order. This policy is mentioned here. 

Archiving: We use Portico and Pandora (National Library of Australia) for permanent preservation of our published contents.  

Direct marketing: Potential authors are invited by email.

Contact details: Our contact details are displayed under “Contact”. 

Instructions for Authors: Detailed guidelines for authors are included under “Submissions”. 

Article level metrics: We provide article level metrics (ALM), which is found below the abstract and html of each article. ALM is provided by PLOS ALM and we do not have any control over its functionality.

Complaints: Any complaint about JCBMR should be sent to Dr. Chris Morais at chrismorais@codonpublications.com

To maintain transparency, all correspondence will be in writing, via the above email address. In the initial contact, please identify yourself, state the complaint and sign off with your full name and contact details, including a valid phone number with the country and area code. The initial email should not contain any attachments, html codes, or clickable links. All correspondence should be in English with the subject line ‘Complaint’. Initial emails that do not meet any of these criteria will not receive a response and will be deleted. Emails that meet these criteria will receive a response from Dr. Morais within 72 hours. He will work with the person who made the complaint for a speedy resolution.

Conflict of Interest

The ICMJE guidelines state that a conflict of interest exists when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as patients' welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain). Anything that could be perceived as a conflict of interest should be declared. Some examples are: financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership or options, honoraria, patents, and paid expert testimony), personal relationships or rivalries, academic competition, and intellectual beliefs. 

Authors: As an integral part of the online submission process, the author who submits the article is required to declare the conflict of interest of all authors. It is the responsibility of the submitting author to obtain relevant information before starting the submission process. In addition, all manuscripts should include a mandatory conflict of interest statement as mentioned under author guidelines.  If there are no conflicts of interest then the author should enter “The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to research, authorship and/or publication of this article". If a previously undisclosed competing interest for an author of a published paper is brought to the attention of the editor-in-chief, and is subsequently confirmed with the authors, the undeclared interest will be published as an erratum in a future issue. 

Reviewers: Before accepting the invitation to review a paper, potential reviewers are required to disclose any conflict of interest.

Submission by an editor or editorial board member: No special consideration will be given to an article submitted by an author who is also an editorial board member. The process of selection of reviewers, and the review process will be similar to that of an author who is not an editorial board member.

No article processing fee

There is no publication fee. Currently, it is open access for free.

Ethics approval and informed consent

All experiments involving humans and animals should obtain appropriate ethics approval, and declare it in the manuscript.

Human ethics: JCBMR considers WMA Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects as the authoritative source, however, national and institutional variations are possible. All experiments involving human subjects or human-related materials should obtain relevant ethics approval in accordance with national and institutional guidelines. This should be clearly stated in the manuscript. If deemed necessary, JCBMR deserves the right to contact the authors’ institution for verification.

Informed consent: Where relevant, informed consent should be obtained from human subjects using the form approved by the institutional ethics committee prior to commencing any work. This should be clearly stated in the manuscript. If deemed necessary, JCBMR deserves the right to contact the authors’ institution for verification.

Animal ethics: All experiments involving animals should obtain relevant ethics approval in accordance with national and institutional guidelines prior to commencing any animal work. This should be clearly stated in the manuscript. If deemed necessary, JCBMR deserves the right to contact the authors’ institution for verification.

Editorial board reponsibilities

The editorial team consists of an editor-in-chief and an editorial board. The editorial team is selected based on expertise and publishing credentials, not on gender, nationality, religion, ethnicity or any other personal attributes.

As all members have active and demanding careers in academia and/or patient care, it is a policy of the journal not to overwhelm them with unnecessary workload. Therefore, the maximum number of articles they are required to review per calendar year is three. This means, if articles matching the expertise of a particular editorial board member is not submitted in a calendar year, that member will not have any role in relation to article review in that particular year. Similarly, if only one article matching the expertise of an editorial board member is submitted in a calendar year, that academic editor is required to review only one article that particular year. 

Any member of the editorial team can initiate special issues and invite articles. As a sign of support to the journal, they are also expected to submit an article to the journal within six months of joining. They are encouraged to promote the journal within the scientific community.

On occasions where an appropriate reviewer cannot not be found, or a timely review was not submitted by the reviewer who had agreed to review, an appropriately qualified editorial board member may be contacted to review the article. Also, on occasions where external reviewers cannot make a recommendation or bias in reviewer report is observed, one of the appropriate editorial board members may be contacted for expert opinion.

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Disclaimer

The views and opinions expressed in JCBMR are not necessarily those of the Publisher, editor or the editorial board members. The Publisher, editors or the editorial board members cannot be held responsible for any errors or consequences arising from the use of the information contained in JCBMR. Publication of advertisement does not constitute endorsement of the product by the Publisher, editor or the editorial board members.

While we make every effort to provide an uninterrupted online presence, we cannot guarantee this will be the case. The website is subject to interruptions. Also we do not guarantee that website will be error or virus-free. It is the responsibility of the user to make adequate provisions (up-to-date antivirus, security and intrusion prevention and scanning software) for the protection of the device they are using. 

We may provide links to external websites. These websites belong to third parties and we have no control over the reliability or stability of these links.  While we verify them at the time of linking, we are unable to provide any warranty regarding the stability or availability of these links.  Also a link to an external site does not imply an endorsement of the views, information or products provided or held by such websites.

ISSN: 2205-5975